LATEST FROM THE LIBRARY

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REPORT: Addressing Rural Youth Migration at its Root Causes: A Conceptual Framework, July 2016

Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The agricultural sector needs to engage youth in order to increase global food production. In doing so, agricultural transformation can balance out-migration from rural areas and thus contribute to stable growth. This document presents the conceptual framework for distress migration of rural youth. The framework focuses on the migration of rural youth (aged 15–24), who account for a large proportion of migrants and are a particularly vulnerable group. The framework comprises three sections: 1. Analysis of the main factors determining the propensity of rural youth to migrate; 2. Assessment of the likely impacts of distress migration of rural youth in terms of rural development for local areas of origin; 3. Illustration of the most promising policies and programmes to reduce distress migration of rural youth and maximize its developmental benefits for the communities of origin.

Resource Type: 
Report

CASE STUDY: Educate! Riding the Reform Wave to Scale Up Youth Entrepreneurship in Uganda, July 2016

The Center for Universal Education at Brookings

The Educate! Experience (2009–present), implemented by Educate!—a U.S.-based nonprofit—is an experience-based education program that addresses the mismatch between education and employment opportunities in Uganda. The program focuses on three areas: student skills development, teacher training, and advising on national policy. Educate! Scholars, a select group of secondary school students, are provided with skills training in leadership, entrepreneurship, and workforce readiness, along with mentorship to start real businesses at school. The Educate! Experience program is delivered by young entrepreneurs, called Mentors. As part of their work in schools,

Resource Type: 
Case Study

REPORT: Youth, Employment and Migration In Mogadishu, Kismayo and Baidoa

Altai Consulting for IOM Somalia

This research project aims to study the relationship between youth, employment and migration, looking at three main questions: 1) Who constitutes the youth workforce in Somalia, and are these young people satisfied with their situation? 2) How can the economic situation of dissatisfied youth be explained: is the source of the problem structural (not enough demand), or does it result from frictions within the labour market? Can youth create their own job opportunities through entrepreneurship? 3) Does dissatisfaction with occupation and level of income, along with difficulties to navigate the job market, alone explain irregular migration amongst youth?

Resource Type: 
Report

REPORT: United Nations World Youth Report, July 2016

United Nations

THE World Youth Report on Youth Civic Engagement has been prepared in response to growing interest in and an increased policy focus on youth civic engagement in recent years among Governments, young people and researchers. It is intended to provide a fresh perspective and innovative ideas on civic engagement and to serve as an impetus for dialogue and action. The objective of the Report is to provide a basis for policy discussions around youth civic engagement in order to ensure that young people are able to participate fully and effectively in all aspects of the societies in which they live.

Resource Type: 
Report

BLOG: Not My Grandpa’s Agriculture, July 2016

Making Cents International

It’s not surprising that rural youth around the world don’t want to follow well-worn paths into low-return, subsistence agriculture. But does this mean that agriculture programs shouldn’t bother trying to connect with youth, or that youth programs can forget about agriculture as a viable livelihood option? At Making Cents International, we answer these questions with a resounding “No.” Indeed, we are encouraged by what we learned from youth in South Sudan, Kenya, and other countries about the kinds of agriculture programs and activities that interest them.

WEBINAR RESOURCES: Youth Inclusive Finance in Times of Conflict: Lessons from Afghanistan & Colombia

Chemonics International and Making Cents International

Expanding access to finance is a challenging endeavor. Add in conflict and the obstacles can seem insurmountable.  Join Making Cents International and Chemonics International on a deep dive into two programs that are currently addressing those obstacles by focusing on mobile technologies, new opportunities for youth and women, and strong local partnerships. Arelis Gomez, Chief of Party of the USAID Colombia Rural Finance Initiative, and Omaid Deqati Rahimi, Banking Capacity Team Lead of the USAID Financial Access for Investing in the Development of Afghanistan will share their respective program’s methodologies, best practices, and lessons learned for youth inclusive financial services programming when conflict and uncertainty loom. 

Resource Type: 
E-Resource

REPORT: State of the Small & Growing Business Sector, June 2016

The Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs (ANDE)

2015 was a year for global progress in development policy. The ratification of the Paris Agreement marked the first unified, global effort to set targets to combat climate change. In 2015, UN member states also agreed on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): 17 universal targets that will guide policies, investments, and political agendas across the globe. The SDGs explicitly focus on economic development and reducing inequality, as well as specific sectors like energy, water, and agriculture.

Resource Type: 
Report

REPORT: Youth Think Tank Report 2015-2016, June 2016

The MasterCard Foundation

The MasterCard Foundation Youth Think Tank is a research group made up of young people who are recruited to conduct research in their communities, make recommendations based on their findings, and advise the Foundation. The 2015-2016 Youth Think Tank conducted research into economic opportunities for youth in East Africa and found that young people across the region face similar aspirations and challenges.

Resource Type: 
Report

WEBINAR RESOURCES: Youth Voices: Changing Narratives and Engaging Youth

RTI International, The GroundTruth Project, Education for Employment, National Journal Communications Council

First person accounts of “lived experience” have the power to change global narratives and effect real change, as seen in movements as diverse as marriage equality, Black Lives Matter, eliminating extreme poverty, fighting climate change, and promoting girls education. Would better first person accounts counter unfair youth development narratives? i.e. Blame youth, fear youth, give up on youth. Many have identified that the global conversation about youth is too often missing the voices of youth. Organizations that support youth understand the importance of helping youth tell their stories, but do we do so in dynamic ways that maximize impact? Join RTI International, The GroundTruth Project, Education for Employment, and the National Journal in an important conversation on effective storytelling.

Resource Type: 
E-Resource

PAPER: Self-employment Programmes for Young People: A Review of the Context, Policies and Evidence

International Labour Organization (ILO)

Across the globe, young women and men are making an important contribution as productive workers, entrepreneurs, consumers, citizens, members of society and agents of change. All too often, the full potential of young people is not realized because they do not have access to productive and decent jobs. Although they are an asset, many young people face high levels of economic and social uncertainty. A difficult transition into the world of work has long-lasting consequences not only on youth but also on their families and communities.

Resource Type: 
Paper

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